But Burebista's death, killed in a conjuration in 44 B.C., took to the disintegration of his state, even if its nucleus with the capital at Sarmizegetusa will maintain. Very soon, the Roman offensive at Ripa Traciae (name give to Dobrudja) is resumed. A Dacian and Bastarn invasion in the South of Danube is rejected by the Macedonian proconsul, Marcus Licinius Crassus, in 29 / 28 B.C. Taking into consideration the adage "divide et impera," Crassus obtained to cooperate with the Getian-Dacian basileus Roles, from the South - West of Dobrudja. Being helped by this socius et amicus populi Romani, Crassus will defeat other two leaders, Dapyx, who governed the centre of the province, and Zyraxes from the north. In the last ten years of Augustus' rule (between 27th B.C.-14 A.D.) Dobrudja will enter under the military supervision of the Roman Empire. Micra Scythia, as Dobrudja was named then, will remain for seven centuries under Roman Domination.
image005.jpg (11206 bytes)The trade centres on west Black Sea coast experienced the Roman domination. A rich citizen in Histria, Papas, Theopompos' son , dedicated a temple to Augustus. Even from the beginning of the 1st century A.D., five west Pontic towns made a cultural union: Histria, Tomis, Callatis, Dionysopolis (Balcic) and Odessos (Varna).Pentapolis will be enlarged very soon as Messambria adhered too and became Hexapolis. After a short period, when Odessos was the most important in this union, the Pontarch's residence (its leader) will be set for almost two centuries at Tomis. At Tomis will be settled down the praefectus orae maritimae, the town became the headquarters of the military commander of the Left Pont. Valuable information about the life at Tomis at the beginning of the Christian era are to be found from Tristia. Tristia and from Epistolae ex Ponto, masterpieces of the great Latin poet Publius Ovidius Naso, exiled at Tomis by the order of the emperor Augustus. Even If the pretext of his exile was the love poetry, or a part of it, considered to be bawdy, the poet of gentle love was aware of the fact that a mistake (error) and a friend's betrayal were the reasons of his banishment in the northern part of the Empire

img16.gif (18176 bytes)Far away from the Eternal City, in a place which seemed to be hostile, cold and full of dangers, Ovid wrote his elegies like writings asking for excuse. In spite of the exaggerated, gloomy scenario of his complains, he didn't obtain the anticipated mercy, the real cause of his exile being Livia, Augustus' wife and her son, the future emperor Tiberius. Sulmona son, Ovid will find a second country at Tomis. He who enjoyed the pomp in Rome and had deserved honours will live his last few years, between 9th and the 17th A.D. Among the narrow walls of the west Pontic town, besides the Greeks and Getians who will appreciate him. The citizens of the town will elect him agonothet, a president of the games in honour of the gods, showing this way how much they liked his remarkable qualities, his talent, his culture. In his exile writings and also he reffered to the Getians in the town who liked his poetry written in their language: Ovid also mentioned other people, Bessi, the "harsh Iazigs," "the Sarmantians lances," the "Scyantian bow" and so on. If the Getians and their allies are a real danger because of their repeated attacks, the behaviour of the people in the town is not the same. In a letter, Ovid confirmed the Getians preponderence in town: "Turba tomitane quae sit regionis et inter
quos habitem mores discere cura tibi est?
Mixta sit haec quamvis inter Graecosque Getasque
a male pacatis plus trahit ora Getis
Sarmaticae major geticaeque frequentia gentis
per medias in equis itque redique vias

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