Black Sea Coast

Tomis-Constantza, Symbol Town of Romania on the Black Sea Coast

Situated approximately in the middle of the west coast of the Black Sea, Constantza, the antiqueTomis, developed itself as a seaport territory of Romanian life in this part of Europe,in spite of numerous historical vicissitudes. The age of this settlement and its specific function, intense marked by time, all the dramatic moments it passed through, give it a special position among of our country towns. In 1991, Constantza was celebrated for its age and continuity, and on the west coast in ancient times, Tomis-Constantza will develop along the centuries in an indissoluble link with the Romanians history, with their commercial interests, spiritual features, like a place of civilisations confluence, important junction for communications between East and West

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The earliest traces of human life, from the long period of carved stone, Palaeolithic have been discovered in the northern districts of the town, at Mamaia-Village and also in the Peninsula.Tousands years ago in a very rich in resources geographical landscape, primitive people life could develop due to their main occupations, hunting and fishing. The carved tools were changed into polished tools, these ones superior in efficiency and variety, and they were certified especially in the area of Hamangia Culture (4200-3700 B.C.). The Eneolithic can be identified in the objects characteristic for Gumelnita Culture, discovered on the bank of Tabacarie lake(near actual district Tomis IV) and on the bank of Siutghiol lake. The human skeletons with the "red ochre" discovered at Anadolchioi can be associated to the age of great ethnical changes, Indo-European, which means the decisive passage to the metal tools:copper, bronze, iron. Between 2400-1200 B.C. in a large area including the Carpathians and the Bakans, the ethnic group of Thracians appeared; their northern branch, much more numerousand vigorous was represented by the Geto-Dacians. A deposit containing 38 bronze objects, agricultural tools, discovered in an excavation in Constantza industrial district, can be dated in the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age.

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Agriculture, as main activity means a sedentary life, the development of stable settlements, inclusively a superior level of socio - economic organisation. Between the 8th-6th century B.C., the Thracians-Getians on the West coast of Black Sea had their own culture with specific occupations, being real partners in the commercial changes with the Greek navigators and merchants. These ones, keen on earning money and searching for good places got into contact with the indigen aristocracy which proved very eager to trade. After sounding and rewarding contacts with the native population, the Greek merchants set the well-known apoikiai (colonies) at Histria, in the year of the 31st Olympiad (657 B.C.), at Callatis (today Mangalia), in the 6th Century, at Tomis (the 6th century) and also on the coast places very favourable for them.The archaeological researches proved that before the setting-up of these colonies there were Thracians-Getianssettlements in Histria's area, the previous existence at Callatis of a Getic settlement known by Plinius the Oldest, named Acervatis or Acebatis. At Tomis, the archaeological excavations, between 1971-1974 noticed the discovery of huts or semihuts linked to the beginning of settlements history and which can be attributed to the indigen Getians, but also to the new-comer Greeks.

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